Harvard Medical School: Department of Continuing Education
Home My CME Course List About Us Sitemap
Sample Course Contact Us Login FAQs

Hypertension in the Elderly

Course Description | Faculty | Accreditation | General Information

Course Description

Acknowledgement: This module is supported by a grant from the Donald Reynolds Foundation.

This course provides an overview of the clinical aspects of hypertension in the elderly patient. It uses a case-based approach to achieve its educational objectives. The first case addresses the aspects of diagnosing and managing an older patient with elevated blood pressure. The second case addresses issues related to the commonly encountered problem of orthostatic hypotension in elderly patients. This course also includes specific discussions and recommendations about both hypertension and orthostatic hypotension management in the elderly provided by experts in the field.

Original Release: 8/4/2011
Most Recent Update: 12/10/2013
Termination Date: 12/10/2016

NUMBER OF CREDIT HOURS: The Harvard Medical School designates this enduring material for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

This course should take approximately 1 hours to complete.

COST: $20.00 for the average learner. Participants living in emerging nations receive a 50% discount or can register for free. See our International Pricing Page for details.

OVERALL LEARNING OBJECTIVES:

  1. Describe briefly the underlying mechanisms leading to elevated blood pressure in the elderly person.
  2. Describe the clinical evaluation of a hypertensive elderly patient.
  3. Recognize the evidence for and the principles of pharmacological and non-pharmacological management of the elderly patient with hypertension.
  4. Diagnose orthostatic hypotension.
  5. List the causes of orthostatic hypotension.
  6. Develop skills to manage elderly patients with orthostatic hypotension

CLINICAL LEARNING OBJECTIVES:
Describe the clinical evaluation of a hypertensive elderly patient Describe the clinical management of an older patient with hypertension Describe the clinical management of an older patient with orthostatic hypertension

  1. METHOD OF PARTICIPATION:

    Registrants participate in the learning process by answering interactive multiple choice questions that are dispersed throughout the case presentation. You must answer a question correctly in order to continue through the course. If you answer a question incorrectly, you will be prompted to try again.

    In order to earn credit, physicians must complete the entire educational activity before the termination date (see above). Non-physicians may register for the course but are not eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Instead, non-physicians will earn a certificate of participation after successfully completing the course before its termination date.

    COMBINATION OF MEDIA USED:

    This internet enduring material is a case-based, interactive presentation comprised mainly of text, interactive questions, and images. A variety of media, including video clips, audio clips, and Flash animation, may be presented. Links to any necessary plugins are provided when necessary, but no plugins are required for general use of the CME website, and you may skip the multimedia presentation(s) within the course if you choose.

    back to the top

 

Faculty
IHAB HAJJAR, MD, MS, FA
Course Director
Dr. Ihab Hajjar is Associate Director of the Cardiovascular Research Lab at the Institute For Aging Research of the Hebrew Senior Life Center. He is also an Assistant Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School.

DISCLOSURE:
Reported no relevant financial relationships with commercial entities.



LEWIS ARNOLD LIPSITZ, MD
Course Director
Lewis A. Lipsitz, M.D., is Chief of the Division of Gerontology at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and a Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. He is also Director of the Institute for Aging Research at Hebrew Senior Life, where he holds the Irving and Edyth S. Usen Chair in Geriatric Medicine. To read his full bio, please click here.

DISCLOSURE:
Reported no relevant financial relationships with commercial entities.



back to the top



 

Reviewers
DANIEL FORMAN, M.D.
Reviewer
Daniel Forman, M.D., F.A.C.C., F.A.H.A., is an Associate Professor of Medicine at the Harvard Medical School with appointments at both the Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) and the VA Boston Healthcare System (VABHS). He is Director of Cardiac Rehabilitation and the Exercise Testing Laboratory at BWH, and he is Director of Cardiac Rehabilitation and a Physician Scientist at the New England Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center at the VABHS. Fellowship-trained in Cardiology and Geriatrics, Dr. Forman has strong interests in steps to allay cardiovascular physiological aging and preserve functional capacity in old age, with multiple grants and over 110 related publications. Dr. Forman is also Chair of the American College of Cardiology’s Council on Cardiovascular Care for Older Adults and a member of the American Heart Association’s Committee on Cardiac Rehabilitation and Secondary Prevention.

DISCLOSURE:
Reported no relevant financial relationships with commercial entities.



GERALD W. SMETANA, MD
Reviewer
Gerald W. Smetana, M.D. is a member of the Division of General Medicine and Primary Care at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and an Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. He received his medical degree from the University of California, San Francisco and completed his medical residency at Beth Israel Hospital. He is a teacher clinician with an active primary care internal medicine practice who has devoted much of his 20 year career in medicine to teaching medical students, residents, and practicing physicians. Dr. Smetana held the position of Associate Firm Chief at Beth Israel Medical Center for 10 years during which time he received the Herrman Blumgart award for outstanding contribution to the education and professional development of the medical housestaff. He was also the recipient of the 2004 National Award for Scholarship in Medical Education from the Society of General Internal Medicine. He has been selected by his peers as one of the Best Doctors in America in a national survey. Dr. Smetana's academic interests include hypertension, perioperative medical evaluation, and headache. He is the lead author of numerous systematic reviews for the peer reviewed literature and text chapters on these topics. He chairs a committee at the American College of Physicians to develop a position statement on preoperative pulmonary evaluation. He is also chair of a Society of General Internal Medicine committee that is preparing a series of systematic reviews on the outcomes of medical care provided by generalists versus specialists.

DISCLOSURE:
Reported no relevant financial relationships with commercial entities.



back to the top



 

Course Planners
SANJIV CHOPRA, MD
Planner
Dr. Sanjiv Chopra is Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. He is also the the James Tullis Firm Chief in the Department of Medicine and a Senior Consultant in Hepatology at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston. He served as Faculty Dean for Continuing Education at HMS for 12 years. Dr. Chopra has more than 150 publications and seven books to his credit. Dr. Chopra is Editor-in-Chief of the Hepatology Section of UpToDate, the most widely used electronic textbook in the world subscribed to by more than 850,000 physicians in 149 countries. He is also the recipient of numerous awards and accolades. For a complete bio, click here.

DISCLOSURE:
Reported no relevant financial relationships with commercial entities.



ANDI LONG, EdM
Planner
Andi Long directs the Department of Continuing Education’s Distance Learning group, which offers a variety of online continuing medical education programs to health care professionals around the world. Andi develops strategies for new pilot programs and systematically rolls out new distance learning initiatives and has a leadership role in IT planning and other online processes for HMS DCE. She oversees the day-to-day operations of each distance learning activity and ensures ACCME compliance across all enduring programs. She has had the privilege of working with hundreds of Harvard Medical School Faculty members to develop high-quality, engaging online programs that physicians in more than 170 countries have taken part in. Andi earned her Ed.M. in Technology, Innovation, and Education from Harvard Graduate School of Education and graduated from Bridgewater State College with a degree in English. Her professional interests focus on teaching and learning with new technologies and online course development.

DISCLOSURE:
Reported no relevant financial relationships with commercial entities.



back to the top



Accreditation

NUMBER OF CREDITS: 1 

The Harvard Medical School is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The Harvard Medical School designates this enduring material for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

This course should take approximately 1 hours to complete.

Within 2 weeks of completing the course, you will receive your certificate via email.

Click the image to view a sample of the certificate


back to the top

 

General Information

HARDWARE/SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS

Computers
Any computer running Windows, Mac OS, or Unix machines are supported.


Internet Connection
Your computer should be configured to access the Internet. A high speed internet connection may be required to view some of the large multimedia files.

Browsers
Firefox or Internet Explorer 5.5 or higher are recommended. JavaScript and cookies must be enabled.

Plugins
Some of the multimedia resources in this course require Apple Quicktime, RealMedia, or a Flash player. You will be prompted to download the appropriate plugin when necessary. No plugins are required for general use of the CME website, and you may skip the multimedia presentation(s) within the course if you choose.


PRIVACY POLICY

The privacy and security pertaining to the information that our readers provide is a serious matter, therefore The Harvard CME Online faculty have established the following Privacy Statement for our organization and users. Read our Privacy Statement.



back to the top

 




Home | My CME | Course List | FAQs | Site Map
Privacy Statement | Disclaimer

Copyright © 2014 The President and Fellows of Harvard College